How to Build a Pond

There are many things to take into consideration when getting ready to build a water garden or pond.

Some things to consider:

  • Location
  • Size and Style 
  • Waterfall or Stream?
  • Fish or Plants, Both?

 First you need to decide on the location. 

  • Do you have a favorite part of the house you would enjoy seeing your pond?
  • Would you like to make it a focal part of your yard?
  • Locate the pond in a part of yard where you will get more pleasure and interaction out of it.  Example: Outside of a kitchen window, outside of French doors, or maybe near a favorite sitting spot inside or outside of the house. 

Once you have decided on a good location, next you need to determine the size and style of a pond you are looking to build. Keep in mind a koi pond will require much more filtration than a water garden containing goldfish and plants. After deciding on the size of the pond need to know if you want a modern looking pond, or a formal pond that will blend in with the landscaping.

Getting back to size, Bigger is better, but it is a personal choice.  The difference in price between 3000-4000 gallons is not that much different.  The equipment needed will all be relatively the same.  The same goes for a pond between 8000-10,000 gallons. 

When deciding on a stream or waterfall, make sure it is in comparison size to your pond.  You don't want the stream or waterfall to be to over bearing.

After thinking of all these decisions you need to think about what is going to be kept in the pond.  Are you building this pond because you enjoy just plants?  Is the pond for goldfish?  Or is the pond for Koi?  No matter what your decision is, you are still going to need filtration.  This will be an ecological system and you will need bio-filtration.  Of course if you are going to be keeping koi, you will need more filtration than you would need if the pond just had plants or goldfish.  And no matter what you’re building the pond for, you are going to have maintenance to deal with, so let’s build the pond correctly, so that you have less than 30 minutes of maintenance a week!

Material check list to build a proper pond:

  • Liner / Underlayment.
  • Bottom drains.
  • Skimmer.
  • Filtration, mechanical and bio-filtration.
  • Aerators, air pumps, diffusers.
  • Water pumps.
  • Ultraviolet Sterilizer.
  • Water Returns, especially if you are not building a waterfall.
  • Plumbing Supplies.